[cfe-dev] Generating printf format specifiers

Dave Keck davekeck at gmail.com
Sun Jan 24 07:21:15 CST 2010


> If you're happy with adding incompatible language extensions, maybe you should consider, as an alternative, adding a new type specifier that's understood in format strings to functions marked with the printf attribute.  That way, you'd do something like this:
>
> NSLog(@"Hello, %!! This is your user id: %!", username, userID);

Wow - I like that a lot more; it's much more concise and less
confusing to the eye.

> The printf format string checker in clang already has code to see what the format string for the specified type should be, so you can just have it replace the ! with the correct value in the string.
>
> Note that this has some problems, however.  If the argument is an int, for example, would you insert %x or %d?  This applies even with the original __fmt__() pseudo-macro idea.  There is not an injective mapping from types to format strings.  This is especially true if you consider modifiers.  With __fmt__(), I'm not sure how you would specify whether to show the sign, the precision, or the width, for example.

I was thinking of keeping it simple to start:

    integer types => %d, %u (and variants depending on width of course)
    char[], char * => %s
    all other pointers => %p
    float, double => %f

which would cover the vast majority of my uses, and perhaps adding
more options once the groundwork is laid.

David



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